Active Voice च्या वाक्यातील To चे Verb जेव्हा Past Tense चे म्हणजे दुसऱ्या रूपाचे असते, तेव्हा त्या वाक्याला Simple Past Tense चे वाक्य असे म्हणतात.

या वाक्याचे Passive Voice मध्ये रूपांतर करण्यासाठी पुढील नियम वापरावेत.

नियम १

पहिल्या स्थानी वाक्यातील Object लिहावे.

नियम २

Object म्हणून जर Common Noun किंवा Proper Noun वापरलेले असेल, तर ते आहे तसेच लिहावे.

परंतु, Object म्हणून जर Accusative Case चे Pronoun वापरलेले असेल, तर त्याचे रूपांतर Nominative Case च्या Pronoun मध्ये पुढीलप्रमाणे करावे.

Accusative Case चे Pronoun Nominative Case चे Pronoun
me I
us We
you You
him He
her She
it It
them They
नियम ३

दुसऱ्या स्थानी पुढीलप्रमाणे was / were यांपैकी योग्य ते To be चे Verb लिहावे.

Object To be चे Verb
me was

him


her


it


Singular Number Noun

was

us


you


them


Plural Number Noun

were
नियम ४

तिसऱ्या स्थानी वाक्यातील To च्या Verb चे Past Participle लिहावे.

नियम ५

चौथ्या स्थानी वाक्यातील उरलेले शब्द लिहावेत.

नियम ६

पाचव्या स्थानी by हे Preposition लिहावे.

नियम ७

सहाव्या स्थानी वाक्याचा Subject लिहावा.

नियम ८

Subject म्हणून जर Common Noun किंवा Proper Noun वापरलेले असेल, तर ते आहे तसेच लिहावे.

परंतु, Subject म्हणून जर Nominative Case चे Pronoun वापरलेले असेल, तर त्याचे रूपांतर Accusative Case च्या Pronoun मध्ये पुढीलप्रमाणे करावे.

Nominative Case चे Pronoun Accusative Case चे Pronoun
I me
We us
You you
He him
She her
It it
They them
For Example (उदाहरणार्थ)
  • Active
    Arjuna sent a shower of arrows in all directions.
  • Passive
    A shower of arrows was sent in all directions by Arjuna.
  • Active
    People praised their king.
  • Passive
    The king was praised by people.
  • Active
    I took more interest in English than in Mathematics.
  • Passive
    More interest was taken in English than in Mathematics by me.
  • Active
    The king rewarded them with a bag of gold.
  • Passive
    They were rewarded with a bag of gold by the king.
  • Active
    Hitler waged war against all of Europe.
  • Passive
    War was waged against all of Europe by Hitler.

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